In this lesson we discover how the word “Golgotha” is embedded in the Hebrew text. Then we see how this Torah portion honors Joseph in a secret and in an open way. Next, we learn the meaning of “every man at his own camp, every man at his own banner” and why four particular tribes were chosen to lead their camps. We discuss why Aaron’s name is written in an unusual way in the Torah scroll and how it reminds men to be priests of their homes.
Torah portion Bamidbar is always read before the holy day of Shavuot (“Pentecost”).
Numbers 1:2 “Lift the head of all the congregation of the people of Israel, by families, by fathers’ houses, according to the number of names, every male, head by head.”
שאו את ראש (se’u et rosh)
7x in Torah / 5x in Numbers
שׂאו את ראשׁ כל עדת בני ישׂראל למשׁפחתם לבית אבתם במספר שׁמות כל זכר לגלגלתם׃
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ויהי מאז הפקיד אתו בביתו ועל כל אשׁר ישׁ לו ויברך יהוה את בית המצרי בגלל יוסף ויהי ברכת יהוה בכל אשׁר ישׁ לו בבית ובשׂדה׃
From the time that he made him overseer in his house and over all that he had, Adonai blessed the Egyptian’s house for Joseph’s sake. The blessing of Adonai was on all that he had, in house and field.
Reuben – Simeon – Judah – Issachar – Zebulun
JOSEPH – Ephraim & Manasseh
Benjamin – Dan – Asher – Gad – Naphtali
Numbers 1:52 The people of Israel shall pitch their tents by their companies, each man in his own camp and each man by his ownbanner.
[v.3-8] Those to camp on the east side toward the sunrise shall be of the banner of the camp of JUDAH by their companies … Issachar … Zebulun …
[v.10-16] On the south side shall be the banner of the camp of REUBEN by their companies … Simeon … Gad …
[v.18-24] On the west side shall be the banner of the camp of EPHRAIM by their companies… Manasseh … Benjamin…
[v.25-31] On the north side shall be the banner of the camp of DAN by their companies … Asher … Naphtali …
Judah “you” 8x 1st
Reuben “you” 5x 2nd
Ephraim “you” 4x 3rd
Dan “you” 1x 4th
Numbers 2:2. “The people of Israel shall camp each by his own banner, with the synbols of their fathers’ houses. They shall camp facing the tent of meeting on every side.
Song of Solomon 2:4 He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me is love.
Numbers 3:39 All those listed among the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron listed at the commandment of Adonai …
Malachi 2:4-7 “So shall you know that I have sent this command to you, that My covenant with Levi may stand,” says Adonai of hosts. “My covenant with him was one of life and peace, and I gave them to him. It was a covenant of fear, and …
(a) he feared Me and he stood in awe of My name…
(b) True instruction was in his mouth, and no wrong was found on his lips…
(c) He walked with Me in peace and uprightness, and…
(d) he turned many from iniquity.
(e) For the lips of a priest should guard knowledge, and people should seek Torah from his mouth, for he is the messenger of Adonai of hosts.”
Numbers 26:2 “Lift the head [שאו את ראש, se’u et rosh] of all the congregation of the people of Israel, from twenty years old and upward, by their fathers’ houses, all in Israel who are able to go to war.”
Matthew 27:33 And when they came to a place called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull)… [+ Mark 15:22/John 19:17]
“And an additional reason for the counting of Israel, was in order that all of them would pass in front of Moses and Aaron… and thus the blessing would rest on them, and they would request mery cfor them…” (Yalkut Me’am Loez – 18th century)
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