Psalm 18 is our first lengthy psalm (50 verses) and is traditionally called “The Song of David.” It also has a lengthy introduction (21 words) and is the only psalm that is recorded twice in the Bible (here, and 2Samuel 22). But what is most unusual is that it claims to have been composed “on the day when Adonai delivered [David] from the hand … of Saul.” Yet we know that David wrote this psalm years after Saul’s death. What is going on here?! Follow along in your Bible as we look into these matters. A blessing awaits!
חי = 18 (chai) = “life”
For the choir director. A Psalm of the servant of Adonai – David, who spoke to Adonai the words of this song in the day that Adonai delivered him from the palm of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul.
Section 1 –God Answers David’s Call (1-6)
1 He said: I am impassioned of You, Adonai, my strength.
2 Adonai is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the hornof my salvation, my stronghold.
Section 2 – God the Warrior (7-15)
Section 3 – God Rescues (16-19)
Section 4 – David’s Righteousness (20-24)
Section 5 – Perspective is Everything (25-28)
25-26 With the merciful You show Yourself merciful; with the blameless man You show Yourself blameless; with the purified You show Yourself pure; and with the crooked You make Yourself seem twisted.
Section 6 – the God of War (29-42)
29 For by you (a) I can run against a troop, and by my God (b) I can leap over a wall.
35 You have given me the shield of Your salvation, and Your right hand supported me, and Your humility made me great.
Section 7 – The Nations (43-45)
43 You delivered me from strife with the people; you made me the head of the nations; people whom I had not known served me.
Section 8 –Victory! (46-50)
46 Adonai lives! … = חי יהוה
2 Samuel 21:1 Now there was a famine in the days of David for three years, year after year. And David sought the face of Adonai. And Adonai said, “There is bloodguilt on Saul and on his house, because he put the Gibeonites to death.”
1 Samuel 16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the spirit of Adonai rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.
Isaiah 45:6-7 “…that people may know, from the rising of the sun and from the west, that there is none besides Me; I am Adonai, and there is no other. I form light and create darkness; I make well-being and create calamity; I am Adonai, who does all these things.”
Proverbs 8:8 All the words of my mouth are righteous; there is nothing twisted or crooked in them.
“Your lamp is in My hands and My lamp in is yours.” (Midrash Tehillim, based on Prv. 6:23 + 20:27)
Psalm 19:7 The Torah of Adonai is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of Adonai is sure, making wise the simple;
Proverbs 15:33 The fear of Adonai is instruction in wisdom, and humility (ענוה, anavah) comes before honor.
Proverbs 18:12 Before destruction a man’s heart is haughty, but humility (ענוה, anavah) comes before honor.
Romans 9:25-26 As indeed He says in Hosea, “Those who were not my people I will call ‘My people,’ and her who was not beloved I will call ‘beloved.’ And in the very place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ there they will be called ‘sons of the living God.’”
The 10 Songs of the Tanach
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