The Mystery of God’s Holy Name – יהוה
Few things in the Bible generate more questions and discussion (and disagreement!) than the topic of God’s holy four-letter name: יהוה (YHVH). It is often referred to as the Tetragrammaton. Our English Bibles render it as ‘LORD’. Some folks pronounce is ‘Jehovah’ or ‘Yahweh’. In this lesson we will learn what this holy name of transcendence mean and how it is truly pronounced.
Exodus 3:13-15 – Then Moses said to God, “If I come to the people of Israel and say to them, “The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is His name?’ what shall I say to them?” God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Say this to the people of Israel: ‘I AM has sent me to you.’” God also said to Moses, “Say this to the people of Israel: “YHVH, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is My name forever, and thus I am to be remembered throughout all generations.”
אהיה אשר אהיה
Ehyah Asher Ehyah
Exodus 6:3 – “I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as El Shaddai, but by My name YHVH I did not make Myself known to them.”
אל שדי (El Shaddai)
Genesis 3:8-9 – And they heard the sound of Adonai Elohim walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Adonai Elohim among the trees of the garden. But Adonai Elohim called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?”
Genesis 17:1 – When Abram was ninety-nine years old Adonai appeared to Abram and said to him, “I am El Shaddai. Walk before Me and be blameless.”
Rashi: “It does not say, ‘I did not inform them’, but rather, ‘I did not become known’. I was not recognized by them in My attribute of making promises come true, for which my Name is called ‘HaShem’ [or ‘Adonai’ – יהוה] – faithful to make My words come true. This is because I had promised to them, but I had not yet fulfilled My promise.”
Psalm 1:1 – Contented [אשרי, ashrei] is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers.
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